An organization is an entity created by two or more people who share interests and
values and that seek to achieve certain objectives. In an organization, each individual meets one
specific and specialized function, these functions are responsible for reaching that
objective, they have to be planned and systematized in order to control the results
The organizations are born of the human need to cooperate. The men have seen
forced to cooperate to obtain their personal ends, due to their physical limitations,
biological and social.
The organizations exist so that the members of this reach objectives that can not be
achieve in isolation due to those limitations.
There are many types of organizations and many ways to classify them, these are some
- Depends on the activity or function you perform may be
-Of recreation: example : a neighborhood club, a little school of murga
-Of education: example: school, university
-Of services: example : company of communications, tourism, commerce
-Of economic activity: example :factory
- For its size:
- According to its formality:
-Formal: They are the ones that have systems and structures defined for the
control, decision making and communication. This allows to organize
how and where activities and people are separated
-informal: they are constituted of interrelations and social relations between
people located in certain positions of the formal organization.
The complexity of organizations
It refers to the multiplicity of the structural units in which the
members of an organization, units that can be established according to the
roles, positions, knowledge, functions, ranges, etc.
The formation of these units occurs through a process of differentiation that
takes place through the segmentation of the existing structure or by the addition of
new units to this structure, thanks to the processes of differentiation takes place a
Increase in organizational complexity that affects other aspects
structural aspects of the organization such as its communication systems, its level of
formalization and its degree of centralization.
Organizations tend to grow as they prosper, that is reflected in the
increase in personnel. In order to manage that number of people, it increases
the number of hierarchical levels and departments.
One of the most important is the human resources department.
This department used to be integrated into the administration, as a
As the company grows, the need arises to create a department that not only deals with
administrative issues but also aspects related to psychology,
Sociology and techniques of human resources organization.
A human resources department is organized based on two main factors:
the size and activity of the company.
In this department there may be one or more hierarchical levels, according to the number of
people who make up the total number of workers in the company, usually
there is a director of the department on which different sections depend and each one
of these is formed by personnel specialized in specific functions. The
functions that are developed in the human resources department varies
depending on the size and activity to which the entity is dedicated.
In small companies, functions are executed in a few sections and some
tasks are entrusted to other companies, such as consultancy, management advice,
In large companies the human resources department can be very
complex and be divided into sections that take care of different activities
The important thing is to be fair when applying both responsibilities and benefits, be
organized to keep track of all pending tasks and have a passion for
activity. Thus, the human resources department is one of the priority sectors of the
company, is the one that can ultimately improve the work environment and the motivation of