Many jobs can present risks and dangers for those who perform them. For this reason, the use of Personal Protection Elements (EPP) is essential to protect their safety and protect them from an accident.
The Personal Protection Elements (EPP) correspond to any equipment, device or device specially designed and manufactured to protect the body from any damage caused by occupational accidents or diseases. In this context, and by law, it is the employer who must provide the PPE to those who require it, depending on the risk to which they are exposed.
By themselves, EPPs do not eliminate hazards and hazards in the workplace, but they do protect people and may reduce the severity of injuries in the event of an accident. For this reason, its use is part of a preventive plan that supports its implementation.
Types of Personal Protection Elements
The PPE that is implemented in each organization will depend on the risk activities to which the workers are exposed, and can be categorized according to the area of the body that they protect:
Head: safety helmets allow to protect the head against possible impacts, electric shocks or burns. They should be used with their straps properly adjusted in the jaw.
Ears: when the noise in the workplace exceeds the levels established by the Ministry of Health, exposed persons must use hearing protection. There are two types: the plugs that are inserted in the external auditory canal and the earmuffs that go around the head, absorbing the ambient noise.
Eyes: when in the presence of projection of particles, liquids, fumes, vapors, gases and radiations, you should use eye protectors (which only cover the eye area).
Face: Facial protectors not only protect the eyes but also the rest of the face, blocking the passage of ultraviolet or infrared rays and other foreign bodies such as transparent plastic, tempered glass or metal grids.
Respiratory: the worker must be protected from contaminants present in the environment such as dust, mists, organic vapors or gases. For this there are different types of respirators with their respective filters.
Feet and legs: safety shoes are essential as they protect from moisture, hot substances and falls or bumps on dangerous and unstable surfaces. In addition, heat-resistant safety gaiters must be used to protect legs from molten metal splashes.
Skin: workers who perform prolonged work under ultraviolet rays should apply sunscreen every two hours and wear clothing that covers the skin exposed to radiation to avoid all types of burns.
Whole body: for those works that are executed in height, belts or safety harnesses must be used, hooked to a lifeline. Meanwhile, workers who are exposed to corrosive substances, high temperatures or radiation should wear clothing with adequate technology that prevents direct contact.